Granada is the perfect dream and fantasy, forever ineffable…Granada will always be more malleable than philosophical, more lyric than dramaticFederico Garcia Lorca
Located in the autonomous community of Andalusia and along the Genil River. It derives its name from the fruit pomegranate because it is abundant in the city or the Moorish name Karnattah, which means hill of strangers. It is one of Spain’s most frequently visited tourist centers because of its architecture and artistic monuments.
Granada can be easily accessed on foot, however, if taxis are needed, they are also convenient and affordable. Granada is a safe city to walk in day and night, but you should always be aware of your surroundings.
There are 28 bus lines in Granada, which run from 0.87 €/trip to 41€/month.
The Kingdom of Granada was founded in the early 13th Century. At its beginnings, it was formed from the provinces of Granada, Malaga, and Almeria. After the surrounding of the last king of Granada, Muhammad XII (1482-1492), the Catholic Monarchs took over on January 2nd, 1492. The history of Granada is mainly based on crises over two kingdoms.
Historic Cordoba is a UNESCO world Heritage Site. The following is the description from the UNESCO report.
UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE DESCRIPTION – START
Alhambra, Generalife and Albayzín, Granada
Rising above the modern lower town, the Alhambra and the Albaycín, situated on two adjacent hills, form the medieval part of Granada. To the east of the Alhambra fortress and residence are the magnificent gardens of the Generalife, the former rural residence of the emirs who ruled this part of Spain in the 13th and 14th centuries. The residential district of the Albaycín is a rich repository of Moorish vernacular architecture, into which the traditional Andalusian architecture blends harmoniously.
The property of the Alhambra, Generalife and Albayzín, Granada, stands on two adjacent hills, separated by the river Darro. Rising above the modern lower town, the Alhambra and the Albayzín form the medieval part of the City of Granada, which preserves remains of the ancient Arabic quarter. These components represent two complementary realities and examples of medieval urban complexes: the residential district of the Albayzín and the palatine city of the Alhambra. To the east of the Alhambra fortress and residence are the gardens of the Generalife, an example of a rural residence of the emirs, built during the 13th and 14th centuries.
The Alhambra, with its continuous occupation over time, is currently the only preserved palatine city of the Islamic period. It constitutes the best example of Nasrid art in its architecture and decorative aspects. The Generalife Garden and its vegetable farms represent one of the few medieval areas of agricultural productivity. These palaces were made possible by the existing irrigation engineering in Al-Ándalus, well established in the Alhambra and Generalife with technological elements known and studied by archaeologists. This constituted a real urban system integrating architecture and landscape, and extending its influence in the surrounding area with gardens and unique hydraulic infrastructures.
The residential district of the Albayzín, which constitutes the origin of the City of Granada, is a rich legacy of Moorish town planning and architecture in which Nasrid buildings and constructions of Christian tradition coexist harmoniously. Much of its significance lies in the medieval town plan with its narrow streets and small squares and in the relatively modest houses in Moorish and Andalusian style that line them. There are, however, some more imposing reminders of its past prosperity. It is nowadays one of the best illustrations of Moorish town planning, enriched with the Christian contributions of the Spanish Renaissance and Baroque period to the Islamic design of the streets.
UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE SITE DESCRIPTION – END
The perfect place to look for something to drink and eat. It is Granada’s version of Madrid’s Plaza Mayor. It is one of the city’s oldest and most ancient and transformed spots.
San Jeronimo Monastery
Build on top of a mosque that was once at this location, the Granada Cathedral is the second-largest cathedral in the Country. It started being built in 1518 and it took over 180 years to finish. Sculptures of El Greco are on its walls and it has 13 different chapels for different saints.
Encyclopædia Britannica, inc. (n.d.). Granada. Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved June 21, 2022, from https://www.britannica.com/place/Granada-historical-kingdom-Spain
Palacios, P. (2021, March 26). How to get around Granada, Spain. How to get around Granada, Spain (2022) | España Guide. Retrieved June 21, 2022, from https://www.espanaguide.com/granada/how-to-get-around-granada/
15 best things to do in Granada, Spain. Touropia. (n.d.). Retrieved June 21, 2022, from https://www.touropia.com/best-things-to-do-in-granada-spain/
http://www.area25.es, A. I. T.-. (n.d.). Alhambra of Granada. information about the monument, how to buy tickets, guided tours, photographies, guide of Granada. Alhambra de Granada. Retrieved June 21, 2022, from https://www.alhambradegranada.org/en/